Sha'aban 21, 1425/ October 6, 2004 #97
PERSONAL FROM THE EDITOR:
My heartfelt thanks go out to all those who wrote to me to wish my mother,
Mahmudah Qureshi, well in her hour of ordeal and suffering. I am thankful
to Allah for such good friends and such sensitivity and compassion. The
letters were sweet in the extreme, much better than what I expected.
THOUGHT OF THE DAY
The death toll has reached 2000 in Haiti. Thousands are homeless.
are keeping silent about it although Haiti is in America's backyard.
let loose a barrage of killer propaganda aimed at Sudan.
[See extensive rebuttal of Sudan propaganda below.]
Christiane Amanpour on Karzai and
Trying to Mislead the
Christiane Amanpour's report from Kabul [October 4] on the forthcoming
"elections" in Afghanistan was non-factual and misleading. In polite
language, it can be described as disinformation.
Amanpour talked positively about Hamid Karzai and presented some
interesting clips from a woman supposedly a candidate for Afghanistan's
presidency! Such reporting is seriously damaging for Amanpour's credibility.
She should read IMPERIAL HUBRIS by a senior officer in the U.S.
intelligence community. It might disabuse her of the silly idea that
the western puppets implanted in Kabul by American military might have
any relevance to Afghan realities.
Karzai can trust no Afghan and is protected by American security guards.
The women being inducted into the situation by American game masters have
absolutely no chance of making the slightest dent in Afghanistan's
history and culture.
As the author of Imperial Hubris has pointed out, any movement in
Afghanistan which means anything to the Afghan people will come from
probably from the resurgent Taliban.
I advise CNN to withdraw Christiane Amanpour from Afghanistan. She is
wasting CNN's funds on the "made in America" version of Afghanistan she
Kaukab Siddique, Ph.D
Hathout let the Muslim Community Down
I too was extremely disappointed in Hathout's "performance." It was so bad
that I got distracted by something else and I didn't finish watching it.
When I lived in Los Angeles, it was the Islamic Center that I went to for
juma'a when I wanted to hear an impassioned response to some injustice
going on in the world against Muslims. Almost every other masjid would
be completely silent. I went to my first demonstration for
back in the 80's (in front of the Federal Building) and it was sponsored
by the Islamic Center.
That Larry King Live thing was sickening. I know of Dennis Prager.
He had (maybe still has) a radio program in L.A. He is one of the
staunchest zionist radio talk show hosts in America. For Hathout to be
"loved" by that man! What does it say to be loved by a zionist and to
have his stamp of approval? I was also disgusted by his waffling on
the gay issue. Why the quibbling masquerading as a concern for privacy?
Islam is crystal clear on the issue. Who was he trying to please? Is he
planning to run for office? Hathout really let the community down.
Sis. Karen English
MOST SIGNIFICANT NEWS OF THE DAY:
October 5, 2004. The U.S. vetoed a United Nations' resolution urging
to stop its military incursion in Gaza.
SAMARRA: The "Victory" that Wasn't
Over the weekend of October 1 to 3, 2004, U.S. forces entered the city of
Samarra, north of Baghdad. After a three day assault, the U.S. declared
victory which is now being proclaimed on every TV screen. Below the
headlines, the news reports [all American too] tell quite a different
Headline writing is an art and it seems that the headline writers are
misleading the American people.
Here are the facts of the Samarra story available in the U.S.'s own
Three thousand U.S. troops with 2,000 Iraqi troops trained by the U.S.
entered Samarra under cover of air and tank fire. That's a total of
Opposed to the U.S. were 200 Iraqi Islamic fighters. That's 5,000 versus
The U.S. military has issued a report that 128 "insurgents" were killed
in Samarra and 88 captured [which would mean that the entire force was
wiped out, an impossibility in guerrilla warfare].
New York Times
are reporting that the "insurgents" melted away as the
Americans advanced. There were evidently NO fighters killed.
Hospital sources and eyewitnesses in Samarra report that 50 people were
killed in the U.S. attack and several hundred wounded, ALL CIVILIANS,
including a few women and children.
There were no U.S. losses which indicates that there was NO CONTACT at any point with the
Islamic fighters. The Iraqi losses were evidently ALL owing to bombardment by aircraft and
ON THE RAMPAGE in GAZA: 72 People Killed by Jewish tanks and Missiles
From New Trend's Palestine Periscope
Defenseless Palestinians being Mauled by the Dregs of International Jewry
October 6, 2004. For a WHOLE WEEK now the military forces of International
Jewry's armed wing known as Israel have been hunting Palestinians in Gaza.
A systematic campaign has been launched by Sharon to kill Palestinian
leaders, activists and youth. The plan seems to be aimed at creating an
"Red Indian Reservation" type of Palestine in which secularized servants
of Israel will be allowed to function after all the Islamic resistance
has been liquidated and those who support the fighters are reduced to
extreme poverty and denied the basic facilities of human existence.
[Sharon's offensive, our analysts say, is tied to the elimination of
Islamic charities worldwide to deny the Palestinian people any outside
help even in the form of medicine, clean water and books for children.
The removal of President Saddam Hussain was part of the effort to deny
the Palestinians any outside help. Meanwhile the Jews of America and
Europe are pouring endless supplies of funds and weapons into the
illegitimate and racist entity known as Isael.]
The Palestinians are improvising some pathetically inadequate weaponry in
the form of "rockets" and "mortars" which are no more than grandified
fire crackers. They are unable to hit anything with precision and
usually end up killing one or two Israeli civilians every six months,
thus providing the Israelis the propaganda material needed to justify
their ongoing GENOCIDE against the Palestinian people.
The Muslim world is aghast at the atrocities the Jews are committing.
Most observers agree that the Palestinians should be armed and given
the chance to kill the Jews at the same rate as the jews are killing them.
Analysts say that the Jewish armada is blatantly genocidal because the
Palestinians are unarmed. Most agree that once the Jews are hit hard and
a few thousand killed every month, they'll start returning to their
rat holes in Brooklyn and
ROLE: Hizbullah and
have not fired a shot during the week long rampage by Jewish tanks and
helicopter gun ships in Palestinian towns and refugee camps. The
Iranians are behaving like the Soviet army on the Vistula [1944-45]
which waited patiently while the Germans destroyed Polish resistance
MUSHARRAF PREPARES ARMED FORCES for FINAL BATTLE AGAINST ISLAMISTS
from New Trend's Pakistan representative
October 3, 2004: In preparation for the coming battle against Al-Qaida,
Taliban and Pakistani mujahideen, General Pervez Musharraf has carried
out a major reshuffle of top brass in the Pakistani army. He has promoted
5 major generals to Lt. General and placed them in key cities. These are:
Lt. General M. Afzal Muzaffar will lead the army units in the key hearland
city of Multan. Lt. Gen. Syed Athar Ali [sectarian name?] has been appointed
Corp Commander in the tumultuous city of Karachi. Hamid Rab Nawaz, now
Lt. General, will be in charge of the city of Quetta where the Taliban
have significant support. Musharraf's ISI, responsible for important
victories against Islamists captured and handed over to the U.S., will
now be led by Musharraf's favorite, Lt. General Ashfaq Pervez. The key
city of Rawalpindi will be controlled by Lt. General Salahuddin Sitti.
Newly promoted Lt. General Muhammad Sabir will run the strategic city of
daily Urdu language paper, usually reliable.]
ACTIVE IN SOUTH WAZIRISTAN
October 3. Pakistani newspapers report that Pakistani mujahideen attacked
Pakistani army positions at 13 places in South Waziristan Some of these
places had been peaceful before this.
The attackers suffered casualties as they fired machine guns and threw
grenades at the Pakistani troops who replied with artillery and mortars.
The attackers took their dead with them while the army suffered 18 killed
and 30 injured. The mujahideen are also trying to stop Pakistani troop
convoys bringing reinforcements. A mine was used to blow up a Pakistani
troop carrier killing 2 Pakistani soldiers, wounding 7.
[With thanks to Br. Hodari Abdul-'Ali in Maryland.]
The European-Sudanese Public Affairs Council
1 Northumberland Avenue
Tel: 020 7872 5434
Fax: 020 7753 2848
Date of Publication: 6 October 2004
ACCESS TO DARFUR CONTRADICTS U.S. "GENOCIDE" CLAIMS
In February 2003, two armed groups, the 'Sudan Liberation Army' (SLA)
and the 'Justice and Equality Movement' (JEM), launched attacks on
government administrative centres, police stations and civilians in the
western Sudanese region of Darfur. The government responded vigorously
and the conflict spiralled out of control causing a growing humanitarian
Since the international community was alerted to the
humanitarian crisis in Darfur from early 2004 onwards there has been an
attempt by the United States government and sections of the Western
print and broadcast media to portray the Government of the Sudan not
only as being solely responsible for the crisis, but actively and
deliberately conniving in the "genocide" of black African peasant farmer
tribes by nomadic "Arab" tribes.
In August 2004, for example, the
United States Congress unanimously adopted a resolution labelling the
situation in Darfur as genocide.
On 9 September, American Secretary
of State Colin Powell, responding to domestic pressure from conservative
and anti-Islamic constituencies, in turn declared before the Senate
Foreign Affairs Committee, "[that] genocide has taken place and may
still be continuing in Darfur". These declarations echoed attempts to
compare events in Darfur with Rwanda in 1994.
Central to these claims of genocide have been accusations that in
preventing humanitarian access to Darfur by UN aid organisations, such
as the World Food Programme and other non-governmental relief groups,
the Sudanese government was carrying out a genocide by famine or by
other means they wished to hide from the international community.
Secretary of State Powell appears to have forgotten John Adams' powerful
observation that "facts are stubborn things". The simple facts, as they
have unfolded in recent months, have exposed American claims of genocide
as little more than political opportunism in a crunch election year. In
less than twelve months the Sudanese government has facilitated an
increase in aid workers, expatriates and Sudanese nationals, from two
foreigners and a few dozen nationals in September 2003 to just under six
thousand aid workers - over seven hundred of them expatriates - by
August 2004. (4) In total, there are now 155 locations assisting with
internally displaced people in the three Darfur states, of which 136 are
in areas that UN security officers say the World Food Programme can
enter and operate within. By September 2004, the World Food Programme
was feeding some 940,000 conflict-affected people in Darfur. (5)
Not only is the almost six thousand aid workers' presence in Darfur
clear evidence of the Khartoum government's commitment to the provision
of food and medical relief to Darfur's war-affected communities, but
they are able to confirm or refute the existence of any policy of
genocide on the part of the government. Far from confirming it,
reputable international aid agencies have criticised American claims of
Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) has been one such group. (7) In July 2004
MSF President Dr Jean-Herv Bradol stated, for example, that the use of
the term genocide was inappropriate: "Our teams have not seen evidence
of the deliberate intention to kill people of a specific group. We have
received reports of massacres, but not of attempts to specifically
eliminate all the members of a group". (8) Dr Bradol subsequently
described the August and September American declarations of genocide in
Darfur as "obvious political opportunism". (9)
Any study of the humanitarian presence in Darfur would indicate that for
much of the first half of 2003 the attention of the UN, its aid
organisations and NGOs as well as the government of Sudan and the whole
international community was focused on achieving a peace accord between
the government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) to end the
civil war in southern Sudan. The UN personnel that were on the ground
were mainly concentrated in south Darfur to deal with the problem of
feeding and medical care of internally-displaced persons from southern
neighbouring Bahr El-Ghazal resulting from the war in the south. (10)
The intensity of the conflict in Darfur made humanitarian access to the
area very problematic. In September 2003, the Government of Sudan and
the SLA signed an agreement allowing "free and unimpeded" humanitarian
access within Darfur. (11) The rebels have however escalated
humanitarian access difficulties by deliberately targeting aid workers.
They murdered nine World Food Programme truck drivers, and wounded 14
others, in an attack on a relief convoy in October 2003. (12) In January
2004, UN media sources reported that "about 85 percent of the 900,000
war-affected people in Darfur...are inaccessible to humanitarian aid,
according to the UN, mainly because of insecurity." (13) In addition, on
11 February 2004 JEM declared its intention to close down every road
within Darfur in spite of the devastating consequences this would have
on the ability of the Government and aid agencies (national and
international) to provide emergency assistance to those communities
suffering in Darfur. As a UN humanitarian relief spokesman quite simply
stated: "You can't give aid when there are bullets flying." (14)
The government nonetheless sought to ease access, conflict permitting.
(15) Negotiations between the government and rebels resulted in a
further humanitarian ceasefire being agreed on 7 April 2004,
facilitating humanitarian access to civilian populations in need. In May
the government introduced further measures aimed at streamlining the
delivery of humanitarian assistance. (16) From its office in Nyala
UNICEF initiated assistance to the internally displaced persons during
the first ceasefire in September-November 2003. Additional offices were
opened in El Geneina and El Fasher in November 2003. As access improved,
UNICEF moved quickly in February and March 2004 to assess immediate
needs, and most importantly, to provide basic services to accessible
populations. By the end of March, UNICEF had tripled its staff in El
Fasher, Nyala and El Geneina. (17)
The level of aid access to Darfur is a simple matter of record. In
September 2003 the World Food Programme (WFP) was the only UN agency
that had international staff (two) in Darfur. There were in addition a
few dozen national staff, many of them working on development rather
than humanitarian relief programmes. (18) Access for relief staff had
been cut off from March to the beginning of September 2003, when the
first ceasefire took effect, and operations during this time were
severely restricted. International UN staff on the ground remained few
until February 2004, when freer access followed a new ceasefire. The UN
then began sending as many people to the field as possible. In March
2004, there were 37 international aid workers in Darfur, and 191
Sudanese nationals: April, 128 international and 972 national personnel;
May, 169 international and 1139 national personnel; June, 322
international and 1721 national personnel; July, 483 international and
3689 national personnel; August, 705 international and 5004 Sudanese
According to the UN's Sudan Information Gateway website (19), as early
as April 2004 the following UN agencies and non-governmental
organisations were working in Darfur. North Darfur: UN Development
Programme (UNDP), Save the Children UK, SpRC/SRC, UNICEF, SUDO, ITDC,
SCRC, WHO, IARA, Lep Mission, MSF, WFP, Oxfam Great Britain, USAID,
ICRC, UN Population Fund (UNFPA), GOAL; West Darfur: UNDP, UNFPA, Save
the Children UK, SpRC/SRC, UNICEF, WHO, Lep Mission, Oxfam GB, Medair,
Al Massar, USAID, IARA, Dawa; South Darfur: Save the Children UK,
ICRC/SRC, UNFPA, UNICEF, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), SCRC,
OCHA, WHO, Lep Mission, WFP, Oxfam GB, SRC. The Catholic agency CAFOD,
Catholic Relief Services and Adventist Development and Relief Agency,
began operations in South Darfur as well. (20)
On 28 May Kofi Annan welcomed the government's announcement that aid
workers wanting to travel to Darfur would receive entry visas quickly
and would no longer need travel permits for Darfur. (21) Speaking in
June 2004, Kevin Kennedy, the acting UN Humanitarian Coordinator for
Sudan confirmed that "access has improved somewhat over the last several
weeks. Various procedures, [including] restriction requirements that had
been imposed have either been eliminated or have been softened." He also
stated that "there has been significant progress made in the last few
weeks in terms of visas, travel permits, registration of new NGOs,
release of items from customs clearance, and so forth." Mr Kennedy
confirmed that visas were generally being granted within 48 hours - as
promised by the Government of Sudan - and that "people are experiencing
very few visa difficulties". (22) An indication of this NGO access could
be seen in the July 2004 United Nations announcement that two million
children in Darfur had been immunised against measles. (23) This was
carried out by 2,000 health teams made up of World Health Organisation,
UNICEF and other humanitarian workers.
In July 2004, Jan Egeland, the United Nations Under-Secretary-General
for Humanitarian Affairs (and a fierce critic of the government), found
it necessary to challenge some of the claims being made about Darfur:
"It is strange to see that there is still the notion in the world that
nothing is happening and we're completely blocked from accessing Darfur.
We are reaching some 800,000 people at the moment with some sort of
assistance and food." (24) Mr Egeland also had something to say about
claims of "ethnic cleansing" in Darfur, stating that the term "ethnic
cleansing" did not fit events in Darfur: "I think we have more reports
actually of a kind of scorched earth [policy] - and that nobody has
taken over....It's complex, because some have said that it doesn't fit
the legal definition of ethnic cleansing. The same tribes are
represented both among those who are cleansed and those who are
The government also appears not to have impeded UN agencies operating in
rebel-controlled areas of Darfur. On 26 August, for example, UNICEF
started a polio immunisation programme of 50,000 children in the SLA-
controlled part of North Darfur. (26) And on 30 September, a WFP food
convoy reached an IDP camp behind SLA/JEM lines in South Darfur. (27)
Compared with 2003 it is obvious that by September 2004 the number of UN
and other agencies and their personnel had increased substantially in
response to the humanitarian crisis in Darfur without any hindrance of
GOS, although continuing clashes between GOS forces and rebels was
causing difficulty for humanitarian access. (28)
Governments involved in genocide do not tend to enable, facilitate and
speed up access to the area or population allegedly targeted for
genocide. A sovereign government can restrict access to its territories.
What emerges from any study of UN documents on the crisis in Darfur over
2003 and 2004, or the reports of any of the non-governmental
organisations active in Darfur, however, is that the government appears
to have assisted as much as possible with opening Darfur up to
humanitarian assistance. There were under thirty aid workers in Darfur
in mid 2003. The government sanctioned and facilitated the increase in
that presence to just under six thousand less than a year later.
Similarly, the Khartoum authorities have allowed unfettered access to
Darfur by the international and national media, including reporters from
the BBC, Sky News, New York Times, the London Times and Sunday Times and
Time magazine to name but a few. The media, however, ultimately comes
and goes. It is the humanitarian community, in the form of dozens of
non-governmental organisations, that has maintained a personal or
institutional presence in Darfur virtually throughout the past year. It
is the humanitarian aid community who are now challenging opportunistic
claims of genocide in Darfur.
The dangers of crying wolf on such issues are all too clear. The cynical
use of allegations of genocide or ethnic cleansing for propaganda
reasons is morally repugnant. It may also have international and
domestic consequences, enflaming an already fraught situation in Darfur
as well as misinforming international opinion.
US 'hyping' Darfur genocide fears
'The Observer' (London)
Sunday October 3, 2004
American warnings that Darfur is heading for an apocalyptic humanitarian
been widely exaggerated by administration officials, it is alleged by
international aid workers in Sudan. Washington's desire for a regime
change in Khartoum has biased their reports, it is claimed.
The government's aid agency, USAID, says that between 350,000 and a
million people could
die in Darfur by the end of the year. Other officials, including
Secretary of State Colin Powell, have accused the Sudanese government of
presiding over a 'genocide' that could rival those in Bosnia and Rwanda.
But the account has been comprehensively challenged by eyewitness
reports from aid workers
and by a new food survey of the region. The nutritional survey of
Sudan's Darfur region, by the UN World Food Programme, says that
although there are still high levels of malnutrition among under-fives
in some areas, the crisis is being brought under control.
'It's not disastrous,' said one of those involved in the WFP survey,
'although it certainly was a disaster earlier this year, and if
humanitarian assistance declines, this will have very serious negative
The UN report appears to confirm food surveys conducted by other
agencies in Darfur which
also stand in stark contrast to the dire US descriptions of the food
The most dramatic came from Andrew Natsios, head of USAID, who told UN
estimate right now, if we get relief in we'll lose a third of a million
people and, if we don't, the death rates could be dramatically higher,
approaching a million people.'
A month later, a second senior official, Roger Winter, USAID's assistant
administrator, briefed foreign journalists in Washington that an
estimated 30,000 people had been killed during the on-going crisis in
Darfur, with another 50,000 deaths from malnutrition and disease,
largely among the huge populations fleeing the violence. He described
the emergency as 'humanitarian disaster of the first magnitude'.
By 9 September Powell was in front of the Congressional Foreign
accusing Sudan of 'genocide', a charge rejected by officials of both the
European and African Unions and also privately by British officials.
'I've been to a number of camps during my time here,' said one aid
worker, 'and if you want to find death, you have to go looking for it.
It's easy to find very sick and under-nourished children at the
therapeutic feeding centres, but that's the same wherever you go in
Another aid worker told The Observer : 'It suited various governments to
talk it all up, but they don't seem to have thought about the
consequences. I have no idea what Colin Powell's game is, but to call it
genocide and then effectively say, "Oh, shucks, but we are not going to
do anything about that genocide" undermines the very word "genocide".'
While none of the aid workers and officials interviewed by The Observer
denied there was a
crisis in Darfur - or that killings, rape and a large-scale displacement
of population had taken place - many were puzzled that it had become the
focus of such hyperbolic warnings when there were crises of similar
magnitude in both northern Uganda and eastern Congo.
Concern about USAID's role as an honest broker in Darfur have been
mounting for months, with diplomats as well as aid workers puzzled over
its pronouncements and one European diplomat accusing it of 'plucking
figures from the air'.
Under the Bush administration, the work of USAID has become increasingly
over Sudan, in particular, two of its most senior officials have long
held strong personal views. Both Natsios, a former vice-president of the
Christian charity World Vision, and Winter have long been hostile to the
See "Sudan: One Million At 'Imminent Risk' in Darfur, Says US
Government", News Article by Integrated Regional Information Networks,
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 3 March 2004.
See, for example, "Thousands flee war in Sudan", 'The Guardian'
(London), 30 January 2004, and "Rape, torture, and one million forced to
flee as Sudan's crisis unfolds. Will we move to stop it?", 'The
Independent' (London), 23 April 2004.
It is not the first time that the US Congress has made these
sorts of claims. On 17 June 1999, for example, the U.S. House of
Representatives approved a resolution condemning the Sudanese government
"for its genocidal war in southern Sudan". The measure, House Concurrent
Resolution 75, passed by a vote of 416 to 1, claimed that the Sudanese
government was "deliberately and systematically committing genocide in
southern Sudan", stating that an estimated 1.9 million Sudanese have
died of war-related causes and that "Millions have been displaced from
their homes" (See, for example, "U.S. House Passes First Sudan Measure
in Six Years; Calls War 'Genocidal' and Urges Stronger U.S. Peace
Efforts", Press Release by US Committee for Refugees, Washington-DC, 16
Figures provided by the UN press office, Khartoum.
"Darfur: Humanitarian Emergency Fact Sheet Number 24", US Agency
for International Development, 1 October 2004.
"US 'Hyping' Darfur Genocide Fears", 'The Observer' (London), 3
See, for example, "Doctors Without Borders/Medecins Sans
Frontieres Challenges US Darfur Genocide Claims", Mediamonitors, 5
October 2004, available at
"Thousands Die as World Defines Genocide", 'The Financial Times'
(London), 6 July 2004. See also, Bradol's views in "France Calls on
Sudan to Forcibly Disarm Darfur Militias", News Article by Agence France
Presse, 7 July 2004.
"From One Genocide to Another", Article by Dr Jean-Herv Bradol,
28 September 2004, available at Medecins Sans Frontieres (UAE) website,
See, for example, UN publications covering early 2003 such as
the "Sudan Assistance Bulletin", published by the Office of the UN
Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sudan,
"Agreement Reached Allowing Humanitarian Access to Darfur Region
of Sudan", Press Release by United Nations Office for the Coordination
of Humanitarian Affairs, New York, 17 September 2003.
"Workers in Sudan Aid Convoy Killed", News Article by BBC News,
28 October 2003.
"Authorities Forcibly Close IDP Camps in Southern Darfur", News
Article by Integrated Regional Information Networks, UN Office for the
Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 16 January 2004.
"Aid Workers Unable to Reach Most War Zones in Darfur, Western
Sudan", News Article by Deutsche Presse Agentur, 13 January 2004.
"Aid access to Sudan's war-torn west improves", News Article by
South African Broadcasting Corporation, 11 February 2004.
See, "Sudan Adopts New Measures to Facilitate Delivery of
Humanitarian Aid in Darfur", News Article by Sudan News Agency, 20 May
"UNICEF Humanitarian Action Sudan, Children Affected by Darfur
Crisis", donor update 19 May 2004.
According to a spokesperson for the UN's Office for Co-
ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Khartoum in September 2004.
"Starbase: Agency Interventions North"
"Sudan Transition & Recovery Database, South Darfur State",
version 2, 17 June 2004, Office for Co-ordination of Humanitarian
"The UN Responds to the Crisis in Darfur: A Timeline",
"Interview with Kevin Kennedy, Outgoing Acting UN Humanitarian
Coordinator for Sudan", News Article by UN Integrated Regional
Information Networks, Nairobi, 23 June 2004.
"Two Million Darfur Children Get Measles Shot", Press Release by
UNICEF, Geneva, 6 July 2004.
"Interview with UN's Jan Egeland on the Situation in Darfur",
News Article by UN Integrated Regional Information Networks, Nairobi, 5
"Sudan: Interview with UN's Jan Egeland on the Situation in
Darfur", News Article by UN Integrated Regional Information Networks,
Nairobi, 5 July 2004,.
"Darfur aid worker's diary XIX", News Article by BBC News Online
17 September 2004, available at
"Behind the invisible frontline", Press Release by World Food
Programme, 2 October 2004, available at
"Sudan Assistance Bulletin" no 34, United Nations, 15 September
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