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Muharram 5 ,1435/November 9, 2013 # 46
This is Caliph Umar's, r.a., anniversary.
Scroll to end
for great article,
to understand why Kerbala happened.
Breaking News: Iranian forces helping Assad hit hard.
Syria: October 8. Assad's air force is bombing Damascus
suburba and parts of Aleppo, trying to drive out the
On November 5, Iran's Mehr News Agency reported the funeral
of Iran's military commander in Syria. Brig. General Jamali
Paqalah who was fighting the "rebels" in Syria. Earlier an
Iranian force near Aleppo fell into a mujahideen ambush
leading to the death of Iran's colonel Ismail Ali Hyderi and
his entire platoon. [The mujahideen seized a video of the
Iranian colonel leading his troops, using heavy artillery,
roadside bombs and mines to hurt the mujahideen. The video
is with BBC now.] [Till now Iran had been claiming that it
has no troops in Syria.
Meanwhile, Dr. al-Zawahiri in a video tape has ordered
Al-Qaida in Iraq to restrict its activities to Iraq and to
let Al-Nusra control the fighting in Syria led by Shaykh
Golani [whom Assad had declared had been killed.].
Breaking News #2
Situation in Iraq is serious for US installed al-Maliki
The government in Baghdad is coming under daily attacks. On
October 7, for instance, a martyrdom operator killed 19
soldiers and wounded 41 at Tarmiyah, 30 miles north of
Baghdad. The Shia and Sunni populations are also attacking
Last month, al-Maliki, the Shi'ite installed by the US in
Baghdad, visited President Obama to ask for help. He was
promised various kinds of military equipment by Obama but
the US is unwilling to send its troops back in. Large areas
of Iraq are now under al-Qaida control.
Breaking news #3: Somalia
November 8: A martyrdom operator hit western installed
officials in the most secure area of Mogadishu killing four
policemen and several civilian officials including a
representative of the installed government. Although
al-Shabab withdrew from the capital, most of Somalia is
still under control of al-Shabab.
Dr. Abdulalim Shabazz Spoke to Standing Room only Audience
at Lincoln University
Globally famous Anti-Zionist Scholar Speaks against Racism
of all kinds.
On November 7, world famous mathematician and scholar, Dr.
Abdulalim Shabazz returned to his alma mater and gave the
keynote address to the honors students of Lincoln
University, Pennsylvania. The International Cultural Center
was packed with Lincoln's students, their parents and
faculty who repeatedly cheered as Dr. Shabazz spoke.
It was not a mere speech but an invitation to think as Dr.
Shabazz analyzed the concepts of American racism and
With top of the line information, Dr. Shabazz showed that
African American children are in fact often superior in
intelligence and ability to White children as scientific
tests have shown. Racism and the concepts of White
superiority are artificial constructs, he said, and cannot
stand up to scientific inquiry.
[It was quite a turn around for Lincoln University because
the previous administration led by a Republican "Black" man
had mistreated Dr. Shabazz
and he had left to take over the
Endowed Chair at Grambling University.in Louisiana.]
Outreach in Philadelphia
Imam Jamil's Message, Hijabi women vs Malala, Islamic
victories in Syria, Shoora resolutions
On Friday, November 8, Jamaat al-Muslimeen's literature was
given to 130 people after Juma salat at Masjid Jamia in
Phildelphia. An Arab brother gave a good khutba in Arabic
which was traslated into English. He said that hijra was not
flight but a movement for change from that which was good in
Makkah to what was better in Madinah.
The literature of Jamaat al-Muslimeen was in six pages as
Fighting in Syria and Assad forced to release Muslim
Resolutions of Jamaat al-Muslimeen calling for release of
political prisoners in USA.
Imam Jamil al-Amin's message.
Hijabi women answer propaganda by Malala against Pakistan
The Compiler of the Qur'an, Usman, r.a., ibn Affan.
Suffering of Muslims in India and Bangladesh.
Why is Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar,
Here is a short history of the Golden Era of Islam. Kerbala
came after the Caliphate was over.
by Kaukab Siddique, PhD
The Qur'an counts Muharram as one of the holy months. Within
Islamic texts, it's owing to the destruction of the
Pharoah's army which was pursuing Musa [Moses] in Muharram.
The Pharoah's drowning is a sign to the Muslims that if
they are true believers, Allah will give them victory
however powerful the enemy. [Moses was a Muslim like all all
other messengers of God.]
Within the context of history, Muharram has two most
The martyrdom of Umar, r.a., on Mohurram 1 after he ruled
for 10 years and made Islam the greatest power on the planet
The martyrdom of Husain, r.a., the grandson of the
prophet, pbuh, on Mohurram 10 who sacrificed himself and his
family to safeguard the core values of Islam.
Most Muslims do not know the timeline between these two
events and hence do not understand how a tyrant could get
away with killing the beloved grandson of the Prophet, pbuh.
Here is an outline of the history of Islam after the
Prophet, pbuh, passed away which helps us to understand why
this tragedy happened.
632-634 c.e.Abu Bakr, r.a., was the first rightly guided
Caliph of Islam. He ruled for two and a half years. He not
only defeated the tribal attempts to destroy nascent Islam
but also inflicted crushing defeats on the Roman empire [one
superpower of the day] at the battles of Ajnadin and Yarmuk.
The Islamic commander was Khalid ibn al-Waleed, r.a.,whom
the Prophet, pbuh, had hailed as Saifullah, the Sword of
634-644 c.e. Umar, r.a., was the second rightly guided
Caliph of Islam. He ruled for 10 years and destroyed the
oppressive Persian empire [the second superpower of that
time] The battle of Qadisia sealed the fate of the vast
Persian domains. He was martyred by a Persian prisoner
644-656 c.e. Usman, r.a., the third rightly guided Caliph
of Islam. During his 12 years, Europe was put on the
defensive and the combined Christian fleet was.destroyed by
his commander Muawiyya, r.a.
Usman, r.a., is most famous for the compilation of the
Qur'an into one book, with written Qur'an cross checked with
memorization by thousands of people. He was martyred by
shismatics who claimed that he was not as good as the first
This was the golden era of Islam. Vast populations embraced
Islam because Islam opposed slavery and taught the rights of
women and taught faith in ONE GOD.. The two empires could
not face the Muslims because, as Khalid, r.a., said to the
oppressors, "we love death and paradise as much as you love
life and wealth."
However, as Islam spread, fewer and fewer sahaba, r.a.,
[Companions of the Prophet, pbuh] were available to teach
Islam and they were thinly spread out from Makka and Madina
to Egypt, Syria and Iraq and on into Persia. Great wealth
flowed into Muslim lands and with it came jealousy and
656-661 c.e. Ali, r.a., was raised to the caliphate by
the murderers of Usman, r.a. His rule saw Muslims fightning
each other because he could not [or would not] arrest and
punish the murderers of Usman. He ruled for 5 years and
moved the capital from Madinah to Kufa. He went into battle
with Ayesha, r.a., the Mother of the Believers, and
Muawiyya, r.a., both of whom sought to punish the murderers
of Usman, r.a. Finally, his forces were internally broken up
by conflict over the issue of cease fire with Muawiyyah,
r.a. Ali's elder son, Hasan, r.a., had always been opposed
to war. He not only made peace with Muawiyyah, r.a., after
Ali, r.a, but accepted him as the rightful ruler.
661-680 c.e. Muawiyyah, r.a. ruled for 20 years. Once
again Muslims were united and Islam blossomed as a culture
and a civilization and a force for jihad. However, the
internal purity of the Islamic way epitomozed in the
caliphate of Umar, r.a.,could not be brought back.
Muawiyyah, r.a., sowed the seeds of kingship. Ayesha, r.a.,
admonished him but most of the sahaba were too thinly spread
out and were growing too old to vigorously oppose him. He
"persuaded"-coerced-bought most people to accept his son
Yazeed as the next Caliph.
680-683 c.e. Yazeed had been a strong warrior but as
ruler, he was a failure. Husain, r.a., the grandson of the
prophet, pbuh, sought to replace him and went out towards
Kufa at the petition of hundreds of people who sought him as
Caliph. While he was in the desert at Kerbala [now in Iraq]
he was betrayed by those who had petitioned him. His small
force was surrounded by a tribal army of 4,000 sent by
Yazeed's governor Ibn Ziyad. Husain, r.a and his male family
members went down fighting and were ruthlessly slain. His
female family members were humiliated though Yazeed
expressed great sorrow when the news of Kerbala reached him.
683-692 c.e. Abdullah, r.a., the son of Asma, r.a., and
Zubayr, r.a., fought Yazeed's armies and defeated them. The
Islamic world, except Syria, accepted Abdullah, r.a., as
Caliph. His seven years were the closest in their Islamic
content to the era of Umar, r.a. However, he too was
betrayed and finally isolated in Makka where he was martyred
in the Kaaba itself by the forces of Yazeed's successor. He
would not surrender owing to to the exhortations of his
mother Asma, r.a.
Thus the era of the Caliphate ended and was replaced by
Kingship. After that Arabia became secondary and Islam grew
in Africa, Persia, India, Central Asia, Turkey and Europe.
Today we see a resurgence of Islam owing to the teachings of
Shah Waliullah, Syed Ahmed Shaheed, Iqbal, Hasan al-Banna,
Shaykh Nursi of Turkey, Syed Qutb, Maulana Maudoodi, Dr.
Omar Abdel Rahman, Shaykh Osama, Dr. al-Zawahiri and Mullah
Africa is gradually becoming the leader of the Islamic
revolution. The historic influences are those of Bilal,
r.a., [the prophet's great companion], Tariq ibn Ziyad,
Mansa Musa, Yusuf ibn Tashfeen and the Sokoto jihad
movement. Then came the Mahdi of Sudan. In Algeria FIS has
been crushed but it has been replaced by al-Qaida in the
Islamic Maghreb, various groups in Libya, al-Shabab in
Somalia and Boko Haram in Nigeria. The Muslim Brotherhood in
Egypt surprised everyone by the sacrifices it has offered.
In America, the seminal leadership is also African,
including Malcolm X and Imam Jamil al-Amin
Announcement for children & adults.
??Still haven't found anything positive to do on December
Join us in Durham, North Carolina. and bring your children
Our children will sing Islamic songs, recite Quran and
hadith and then all the children will participate in a
workshop making Islamic art pieces.with two artists.
"Maintaining an Islamic Family in Challenging Times"
Dr. Kaukab Siddique chief editor of New Trend Magazine
and other local speakers.
Adult donation $25.00 Children $5.00. Vendors $35.00. Lunch
Proceeds will go toward developing an ongoing Islamic
learning Center for New Muslims and those who want to know
about Islam on an ongoing basis.
Sponsored by Darul Arqam Muslim Converts Association of
Contact Sister Amatullah V. Abdul-Karim proj. mgr. before
Dec 10th 2013. 919-697-7147-or firstname.lastname@example.org
Muslims should be the first to help victims of Super Typhoon
November 9: First reports indicate 1200 people are dead.
Numbers will rise.
Jareer Ibn Abdullah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace
and blessings be upon him, said, "Allah will not be merciful
to those who are not merciful to the people."
(Source: Sahih Bukhari 6941)
Record Breaking Typhoon Hit Philippines
Asalaamu Alaykum WaRahmatullahi WaBarakatahu,
Helping Hand for Relief and Development Emergency Response
Team in South East Asia are on standby making the necessary
arrangements to assist in emergency relief preparations
needed for the record breaking typhoon that hit
With winds reaching up to 200 miles per hour, typhoon
"Haiyan" is noted by meteorologist to be the most powerful
storm in history to make landfall and poses a risk to up to
12 million people across the region. Recovering from last
month's earthquake authorities is taking necessary
precautions as millions seek shelter.
According to BBC reports coming out of the Philippines
initial numbers of causalities currently stand at 7 but have
potential of increasing drastically. So far the storm has
affected the central islands of Leyte and Samar, and the
northern tip of Cebu with waves as high as 45 feet being
reported from the coasts.
HHRD has launched an Emergency Relief Fund for the
Philippines program and is collecting donations in order to
provide citizens with food, shelter, water and medical
assistance. HHRD representatives are currently in Thailand
preparing to reach Philippines.
We ask our donors to frequent our website for further
information on HHRD's efforts in the region and how you can
help. Please donate towards the Philippines Typhoon Relief
Fund by visiting www.hhrd.org.
Wasalaam Walaykum WaRahmatullahi WaBarakatahu,
HHRD Emergency Response Team
Helping Hand for Relief & Development | 12541 McDougal
Street | Detroit | MI | 48212
Islam was introduced by Turks:
35,000 Koreans have embraced Islam in addition to 100,000
[Korea Today TV just before last Ramadan.[[Thanks to Chacha
IRemember | REMEMBRANCE DAY 2013 | JOIN THE CAMPAIGN
Campaign Islam urges all Muslims around the world to support
this new campaign highlighting the atrocities that have and
are taking place in Muslim land. Pls follow us on
Faith Versus Arrogant Imperialism-Zionism & Tyranny
Dr. Omar Abdel Rahman: Speaks in an Unusual video
USA Could not Break him though he is Blind & Diabetic and
knows no English.
Egyptian leader and man of God Dr. Omar, also known as the
Blind Shaykh, continues to live in a US prison, cut off
from all outside contact.
This video will make you weep with pride for this great
Muslim. This is indeed the faith of a helpless Islamic
scholar who refuses to sell out.
The video has some interesting historic pictures including
that of Ahmad Abdel Sattar, the Shaykh's translator.
American Zionist Jewish judge Michael Mukasey conducted the
bogus trial of Shaykh Omar to please the dictator of Egypt
Hosni Mubarak [now defunct]. America's Jewish groups hailed
the life sentence imposed on this opponent of tyranny who
never harmed America.
Watch this unusual video sent by Br. Ali from Virginia,
produced by Ibn Taymiya center. [Arabic with English
Munawar Hasan refers to Hakeemullah Mehsud as "martyr" and
urges shooting down of drones.
by Anwar Niazi
LAHORE, Nov. 5: Applauding a demonstration of downing of
drone during military exercises, Ameer, Jamaat e Islami,
Pakistan, Syed Munawar Hasan, has called upon the government
to show courage and down the real drone as soon as it
sneaked into Pakistan.
Talking to different delegations at Mansoora on Tuesday, he
said it was sheer cowardice and slavishness to place the
country's air space at the mercy of the enemy in spite of
having the skill to down the drone.
Syed Munawar Hasan said the nation had hoped that the PML(N)
leadership would show courage and a sense of national honour
in respect of the US war on terror but they had been
disappointed. If the government did not change its policy,
the masses would be constrained to hold the view that the
present government too was blindly following Pervez
Musharraf's policy and was a party to the killing of
innocent citizens at the hand of the US.
He said it would be better if the government itself
announced stopping the NATO supplies in order to save the
country from chaos.
The JI Ameer said it was the duty of the entire nation to
rise against US brutalities and oppression, and those who
were laying down their lives for this cause were the heroes
of the nation.
He said that prior to his martyrdom, Hakimullah Mehsud was
in consultation with different Taliban groups for paving the
way for dialogue and the Federal Interior Minister had also
admitted that the talks between the government and the
Taliban were about to begin when the US drone scuttled the
entire process. The late TTP chief was martyred when he was
striving to achieve a national objective, he added.
The JI Ameer said, the only way to control terrorism and
disorder was to begin the talks and added that the US would
not spare any effort to sabotage the talks. Now it was for
the rulers to adopt appropriate course for making the talks
secure and fruitful.
Maulvi Fazlullah, mujahid of Swat, elected new leader of
Pak Taliban on November 7.
Pakistani Taliban [TTP] have chosen Fazlullah as their new
leader. He is a veteran of the battles against elite
Pakistani army units. When the people of Swat, Dir and
surrounding areas decided in favor of Sharia rule, USA saw
it as a threat. A large Pakistani force supported by tanks,
heavy artillery, jet fighters and helicopter gunships moved
into Swat. The mujahideen led by Fazlullah fought them every
foot of the way.
General Kayani removed the entire population of Swat to
create a free fire zone . [This kind of displacement is
genocide according to international law but the western
media didn't say a word.]
The Pakistani generals shelled and bombed civilians who
would not move. More than 30,000 civilians were killed by
the army. Mosques, medressas and libraries run by the Sharia
movement were obliterated. Fazlullah fought baxck
tenaciously, killing 3000 of Pakistan's best troops for a
loss of 1000 mujahideen.
Finally the Pakis outflanked the mujahideen by dropping
paratroopers behind the Islamic lines. Fazlullah was
seriously wounded but retreated safely into an area of
Afghanistan ruled by the Afghan Taliban.
Pakistani secularists are alarmed at the election of
Fazlullah as leader to the entire Pak Taliban movement
including the Mehsuds. It is feared that he will attack Paki
troops to take revenge for Hakeemullah [who was probably
targeted for the US by the Paki intelligence] and might
himself be killed by US drones which would plunge Pakistan
into open ended war.
As Munawar Hasan and Imran Khan have said, the way out is
peace talks with the Pak Taliban.
Umar, r.a., The Second Caliph of Islam, has no equal in
history for Justice and humility.
Hazrat 'Umar ibn al-Khattab RadhiAllaahu Anhu
by Br. Usman
Hazrat 'Umar ibn al- Khattab (R A) (583 - 644 CE), was the
second of the Rightly Guided Khalifas in Islamic history. He
was a Companion of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and was one of
the 'Ashratun-Mubashshirah, i.e. those ten Companions who
had been given the glad tidings of belonging to
It is narrated from Hazrat Jabir that the Prophet (SAW)
"Allaah chose my Companions over everything else in
existence except for the Prophets and the Messengers. He
subhaanahu wa ta'ala chose four of them for me: Abu Bakr (R
A) , 'Umar (R A) , 'Uthman(R A) , 'Ali (R A). He made them
my best Companions, and all of my Companions are good."
[Al-Bazzar and Ad-Daylami]
The Prophet (SAW) also said:
"Whoever loves 'Umar has loved me. Whoever hates 'Umar hates
Hazrat Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet (SAW) said:
"There is no angel in the heaven that does not respect 'Umar
and no shaytan on the earth but that he is afraid of 'Umar
Hazrat Daata Ganj Baksh , an 11th century scholar and Sufi
saint writes in his famous Kashful- Mahjoob that:
Hazrat 'Umar ibn al- Khattab (R A) was the Commander of the
Faithful (Ahl-eimna), leader of those having the status of
ihsan, the imam (leader) of those who have realized the
Truth (Ahl-e-tahqiq) and the guide of lovers gone deep into
the ocean of Divine love. He is famous for his karamat
(spiritual eminence) and farasat (spiritual insight), and
had a large number of mystical truths to his credit.
The Prophet (SAW) said:
"Al Haqqu yantiqu 'alaa lisaanil 'Umar"
"God speaks through the tongue of 'Umar."
Before the advent of Islam there was no tradition in Arabia
of reading or writing. There were only seventeen people
among the Quraish who could read or write at the time when
the Prophet (SAW) started to receive Divine revelations.
Hazrat 'Umar was one of those seventeen people. However, he
was an arch-enemy of the Prophet (SAW) Muhammad and Islam in
its early days, until the Prophet (SAW) prayed:
"O Allah, strengthen Islam with either 'Umar ibn al- Khattab
(R A) or 'Amr ibn
Hisham (Abu Jahal) whomsoever Thou pleaseth."
The next day Hazrat 'Umar was guided to accept Islam. It
happened as follows: It was the sixth year of Prophet's
mission when Quraish leaders called a meeting and asked a
volunteer for the assassination of the Prophet (SAW) .
Hazrat 'Umar offered himself for this task and everybody in
the meeting exclaimed that he was the right person for it.
While he was on his way with a sword in his hand he met Sa'd
bin Abi Waqqas who enquired of him about
his destination. Hazrat 'Umar told him that he was going to
murder the Prophet (SAW) .
After some discussion Sa'd said, "You had better take care
of your own family first. Your sister and brother-in-law
both have accepted Islam." Hearing this Hazrat 'Umar changed
his direction and went straight to his sister's house. When
Hazrat 'Umar knocked at the door, they were studying the
Qur'an from Hazrat Khabbab . His sister Fatimah was
frightened on hearing Hazrat 'Umar's voice and tried to hide
the portion of the Qur'an she was reciting. When Hazrat
'Umar entered the house he enquired about their Islam and on
finding that they had accepted Islam, he first fell upon his
brother-in-law and beat him severely. When his sister
intervened he smote her so violently on her face that it
On this, his sister burst out: "Do whatever you like, we are
determined to die as Muslims." When Hazrat 'Umar saw his
sister bleeding, he calmed down and felt ashamed. He loved
Fatimah very much but could not tolerate her conversion to
Islam. However, deeply moved, Hazrat 'Umar asked her to show
the pages on which the Qur'an was written. But she was,
after all, Hazrat 'Umar's sister and told him, "You can not
touch it unless you take a
bath and make yourself clean." He washed his body and then
read the leaves. That was the beginning of Surah Ta-Ha
(Chapter 20 of the Qur'an). When he came to the verse:
"Indeed it is Me, Allaah - there is no God except I -
therefore worship Me and keep the prayer established for My
[Al Ta-Ha, 20:14]
Hazrat 'Umar exclaimed, "Surely this is the Word of Allah.
Take me to Muhammad ". This is why it is said that the rest
of the Companions were mureed (one who seeks) of the Prophet
, whereas Hazrat 'Umar was His muraad (one who is sought).
Hazrat 'Umar's conversion to Islam was a terrible blow to
the morale of the disbelievers. Hazrat 'Abdullah bin
Mas'ud(R A) , a great Companion, says, "Hazrat 'Umar's
conversion to Islam was a great
triumph, his emigration to Medina a tremendous reinforcement
and his accession to Caliphate a great blessing for the
Muslims." And Hazrat Daata Ganj Baksh said that Hazrat Umar
is one of the select admitted to the Divine Presence, so
much so that angel Jibril , came and said to the Prophet
(SAW) , "O Muhammad , all the angels send you greetings on
the conversion of 'Umar to Islam." [Kashf-ul-Mahjoob]
Conversion of Hazrat 'Umar strengthened Islam. Hitherto,
Muslims had lived in constant fear of disbelievers, and most
of them were concealing their faith. The Muslims were now
able to offer their Salat (ritual prayers) publicly. When
Hazrat 'Umar became a Muslim he declared his faith openly
before the Quraish chiefs. No one dared harm him. Then he
requested the Prophet (SAW) to offer Salat in the Ka'bah. On
getting the consent of the Prophet (SAW) , Hazrat 'Umar led
a party of the Muslims to it. Hazrat Hamzah , who had
accepted Islam a few days before Hazrat 'Umar carried
another party of the Muslims to the Ka'bah. When all the
Muslims gathered in the Ka'bah they offered their Salat in
congregation. The Prophet (SAW) led this first public Salat
in the history of Islam. For this courageous and bold action
of Hazrat 'Umar the Prophet (SAW) gave him the title of
"al-Faruq" i.e., the one who makes a distinction between
Haqq (Right) and Batil (Wrong).
When the Muslims were ordered to migrate to Medina, most of
them left Mecca quietly and secretly, but Hazrat 'Umar
declared it openly. He put on his arms and first went to the
Ka'bah. After performing the Salat he announced loudly: "I
am migrating to Medina. If anyone wants to check me, let him
come out. I am sure that his mother would cry for his life."
There was no man in Mecca to accept the challenge of Hazrat
'Umar . Then he migrated to Medina
For the first time in the history of Islam, the Islamic
calendar was introduced in the present form by Hazrat 'Umar
as advised by Hazrat Ali ((R A) ). The date of the start of
this calendar was fixed as the date of the Hijrah
(Migration) of the Prophet (SAW) .Thus the calendar is known
as the Hijri Calendar.
Hazrat 'Umar had great love for Allaah and the Prophet (SAW)
. The Prophet (SA) also had a deep love for him. Once He
"Were a Prophet (SAW) to come after me, he would have been
In another Hadith mentioned in Bukhari, Hazrat Abu Hurairah
narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said:
"In Bani Isra'il (Israelites) there were people who were not
prophets but talked to Allaah . Were anyone in my Ummah
(people) like those persons, he would be 'Umar ."
The passing away of the Prophet (SAW) into the Divine Realm
was a great shock to him, and he could not believe it until
Hazrat Abu Bakr (R A) reminded him of a clear verse of the
Qur'an on the subject. He then went to the Council Hall
along with Hazrat Abu Bakr (R A) where the people of Medina
had assembled to select the First Caliph. Hazrat 'Umar was
the first person to give Bai'ah (pledge allegiance) at the
hand of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R A) , and then helped him
throughout the duration of his rule.
There were hundreds of Huffaz (i.e., those who committed the
whole Qur'an to memory) among the Companions during the
life-time of the Prophet (SAW) but it had not been compiled
in the form of a book. The memorization of the Quran
continued even after the passing away of the Prophet (SAW)
into the Divine Realm. In various battles, which took place
against rebels and false prophets, a number of Huffaz
Companions were martyred. In the battle
against Musailimah al-Khad-dhab about seventy Huffaz had
died. It then occurred to Hazrat 'Umar that necessary steps
should be taken to preserve the Qur'an intact in its
original form against every kind of danger and it was not
wise to depend exclusively upon those who had learnt it by
heart. Therefore, he urged Hazrat Abu Bakr (R A) to put it
in the form of a book.
Other Companions also agreed with Hazrat 'Umar's opinion but
Hazrat Abu Bakr (R A) hesitated in the beginning because it
was not done by the Prophet (SAW) . However after some
discussion he agreed to it and appointed Hazrat Zaid bin
Thabit for this work who was hesitant at first but later, he
too agreed and began the work. Hazrat Umar's initiation of
the idea of compiling the Quran in the form of a "mus-haf"
as we see it today is a great
contribution to Islam and a great sign that not all new acts
in Islam are blameworthy as some schools of thought
The Salat-ut-Tarawih (special superogatory daily prayers
performed in the month of Ramadan), which was conducted
occasionally during the lifetime of the Prophet (SAW) , was
eventually established as a regular congregational practice
throughout the month of Ramadan during the days of Khalifa
Umar ibn al- Khattab (R A) . This accounts for the fact that
it is often attributed to Khalifa Umar , on the grounds that
he was the first to organize its performance along these
lines. Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib ((R A) ) is reported as
"Umar ibn al- Khattab (R A) would never have taken such a
serious interest in these Tarawih prayers, if it had not
been for a certain saying of the Prophet (SAW) :
'Around the Heavenly Throne, Allaah (Exalted is He)
maintains an area called the Enclosure of Sanctity, which
consists of radiant light. So many are the angels within its
confines, that none but Allaah (Almighty and Glorious is He)
could ever add up their total number. These angels are
utterly devoted to the worshipful service of Allaah (Exalted
is He) and they never take a moment to relax. When the
nights of the month of Ramadan come around, they ask their
Lord for permission to descend by turns to the earth below,
where they perform the ritual prayers together with the
children of Adam. Whenever any member of the Community of
Muhammad (prayers and peace of Allaah be upon Him) is
touched by them, or touches them, that person will
experience such blissful
happiness and good fortune that he will never again feel
miserable or suffer distress.'
As soon as Umar ibn al- Khattab (R A) heard me repeat these
words, he exclaimed: 'Since we are specially entitled to
receive this blessing, we must be better prepared!' He then
proceeded to organize the congregational observance of the
tarawih prayers, and it was he who established the practice
of performing them (throughout the month of Ramadan) as a
regular traditional custom." As we know from another
traditional report, Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib ((R A) ) went
out in the first part of a certain night in the month of
Ramadan. Then when he heard the Quran being recited in the
Masjids he exclaimed: "May Allaah fill the tomb of 'Umar
with light, as Allah's Masjids are illuminated by the
recitation of the Quran!"
(Al-Ghunya, pp. 126-128)
The period of Hazrat 'Umar's caliphate undoubtedly is the
"Golden Age" of Islam in every respect. He was a man of
extraordinary genius who not only molded the destiny of the
nation but made history of his own. He followed the
footsteps of the Prophet (SAW) to the fullest extent. He was
an exemplary administrator who originated an efficient
system of administration. He implemented Shari'ah (Divine
Islamic Law) as the code of a newly formed
International Islamic State; he safeguarded the internal
safety by introducing the police force: he gave stipends to
the poor; he founded new cities for the growth of Islamic
culture and civilization; he improved agriculture &
economics, and founded the educational system; in brief he
was the founder of a great Islamic State.
He was a very pious Muslim. His success lay in two things:
his fear of Allaah and his love for the Prophet (SAW) . He
never used even oil from the Bait-ul-Maal (Public Treasury)
to burn a lamp at night for his personal needs. Whenever he
finished his official work he put off the lamp.
He used to patrol the city at night to find out the needs,
requirements, and conditions of the people. He did not
hesitate to take his wife to work as a midwife for a poor
woman. The salary he got from the Bait-ul-Mal was so low
that it was hardly enough for him and his family's
When some of the eminent Muslims requested him to increase
the amount, he said, "The Prophet (SAW) has left a standard
by his personal example. I must follow him."
He was a great jurist and theologian of Islam. Because of
the fear of making any mistake he did not quote many
Ahaadeeth (Sayings of the Prophet (SAW) ) even though he was
fully conversant with them. He was an expert in deriving
laws from the Qur'an and the Hadeeth. Hazrat Ibn Umar
narrated that the Messenger of Allaah , said:
"While I was asleep I drank - meaning milk - until I saw
satiation flowing in my nails, and then I passed it to
'Umar. They said: How did you interpret it, Messenger of
Allaah y? He y said, 'Knowledge.'"
Hazrat Ibn Masud said: "Even if the knowledge of 'Umar were
to be put in one scale of a balance and the knowledge of
every living being on the earth were put in the other scale,
the knowledge of 'Umar would outweigh their knowledge."
When the Prophet (SAW) , sought the advice of the Companions
with respect to the story of the slander of Hazrat Aisha
(only as a way to teach his Ummah that consultation or shura
is the way to deal with all matters in life, as He does not
need the advice of anyone except Allah Almighty), Hazrat
'Umar said: "Who married you to her Messenger of Allaah?" He
"Allah." He said: "Do you think that your Lord would conceal
a defect of hers from you?
Glory be to You, this is a huge slander!" Then the
revelation from AllaahAlmighty came down just like that in
the form of Surah Al-Noor, 24:16. (Tarikh al-Khulafa, pp.
He was the father of Umm-ul-Mu'minin Hazrat Hafsah the
chaste wife of the Prophet (SAW) .
The glorious rule of Hazrat 'Umar came to an end with his
passing away into the Divine Realm when he was 61 years
old. He was stabbed several times by a Persian prisoner of
war in the Masjid at Fajr. The injuries he sustained were so
serious that the Khalifa died the next morning. He requested
Hazrat Aisha's permission for his burial by the side of the
Prophet (SAW) . Though she had reserved that place for
herself, upon Hazrat 'Umar's request she gave it to him (may
Allah be pleased with them both).
2013-11-10 Sun 08:54:09 cst