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Part I of a series:
Both the Qur'an and the Authentic Hadith of the Prophet (pbuh) are Safeguarded by Allah.
Evidence From the Qur'an to Refute those who Think the Qur'an alone is Safeguarded.

by Kaukab Siddique, Ph.D

Question: Sis. Mehjabeen writes from Edmonton, Canada: I read your article in which you say that Jewish scholars attacked Hadith and rejecters of Hadith are influenced by them. I have the book MAQAME HADITH by Allama G.A. Pervez in which on page3 he quotes God's words from the Qur'an: "Surely We revealed this Qur'an and surely We are its Guardian." (15:9) Then on page 4 he compares the Qur'an with the Hadith and writes: "Allah Almighty has not taken the responsibility for safeguarding anything other than the Qur'an." How can you disagree with that.? Allama Pervez is right and you are wrong. Qur'an is full of certainty, Hadith is a human product.

Response by Kaukab Siddique: Dear sister. Asalamu alaikum. Surah 15, verse 9 itself indicates that the entire edifice of the rejecters of Hadith is built on a false premise. The verse does NOT use the word "Qur'an"; it uses the word "Zikr." In Arabic it says: "Inna nahnu nazzal-naz-zikra wa inna lahu la-hafizun." Thus the correct translation is:

"Surely We revealed the Zikr and surely We are its Guardian."

Yusuf Ali has translated az-Zikr as "the Message." The word is used numerous times in the Qur'an and these usages indicate that Zikr is not only the Qur'an but the entire Islamic way of life implemented by the Prophet (pbuh).
As we shall see, when Allah says that Allah is the Guardian of the Zikr, it's a reference to the WORDS of the Qur'an, the MEANING of the Qur'an [explained by the Prophet, pbuh], the way of life of the Prophet , pbuh, [documented in Hadith], the entire system of Islam transmitted by the sahaba, the spirituality, the Law. ALL these are safeguarded by Allah.

Let us look at the Qur'an's use of the word "Zikr."

Surah al-‘‘Araf 7:63 uses the word not for the Qur'an but for Allah's message sent to Noah as a reminder to the people. It says:

"Do ye wonder that there has come to you a reminder from your Lord [zikrum-mir-rabikum] through a man of your own people, to warn you,-so that ye may fear Allah and perhaps ye may receive His Mercy."
Thus the "reminder" and "warning" aspect of Allah's message to others than Muhammad's (pbuh) people is also called Zikr.

Where Allah uses "zikr" as referring to the Qur'an, Allah makes it clear that it is to be explained to mankind by the Prophet (pbuh), which is precisely the role of Hadith:

"(We sent them) with clear signs and scriptures, and We sent down unto thee (O Muhammad) the Zikr, that thou MAY EXPLAIN CLEARLY to MANKIND [li-tubayinna lin-naas] what is sent for them, and that they may give thought." [16:44]

Notice that the Prophet's explanation of the Qur'an is not given in the Qur'an itself but in the Hadith. For Muslims, the words in the Qur'an are SEPARATE AND DISTINCT from the words of the Prophet, pbuh.

At places Allah differentiates clearly between the BOOK and the MEANING in that book (which as seen above was explained by the Prophet, pbuh):
"We have revealed for you a Book in which is your ZIKR. Will you not then understand." [21:10] or "Zikr for you."
It is this "zikr" within the Book which is explained by the Prophet, pbuh, and is enunciated in Hadith.
Then Allah widens the meaning of Zikr and applies the word to cover all the sanctities of Islam, the entire spiritual and physical life of the believers, of which formal prayer and zakat are only a part. The Qur'an is the center of this Zikr, but the Zikr covers the entire area of life itself:

"...people whom neither sale nor trade can divert from the ZIKR of Allah, nor from regular prayer, nor from paying zakat. Their only fear is for the Day when hearts and eyes will be turned about." [24:37]

The Islamic way of life, as established by the Prophet, pbuh, includes the Qur'an and the entire way of life based on prayer (salat). All of it is Zikr and is safeguarded by Allah, as in 15:9. Note well this comprehensive meaning of Zikr:

"Recite what is sent of the Book by inspiration to thee (o Muhammad), and establish regular prayer, for prayer restrains from shameful and evil deeds: and ZIKR of Allah is the greatest without doubt. And Allah knows the (deeds) that ye do." [29:45]

Among the Qur'an's content is a strong element of admonition as well as of good news. The Qur'an connects the Prophet's role of being a warner (nazeer) and Bashir (bringer of good tidings) with its own purpose. The verse about admonition also indicates clearly that the ZIKR is the meaning of the Qur'an and not the WORDS of the Qur'an:
"Sa'ad: By the Qur'an, full of Admonition [ZIKR], but the unbelievers are steeped in self-glory and opposition ..." [38:1-2]

Every Muslim, man and woman, is involved not only in reciting the Qur'an but in the process of life enunciated by the Prophet (pbuh). Hence the true believers, MEN and WOMEN are "ZAKIRIN Allaha kathiran- waz- ZAKIRAT." [33:35] [Men and women who engage much in Allah's remembrance.]

Once we have clarified the fact that by safeguarding ZIKR, Allah is safeguarding the entire Islamic way of life, including the Qur'an, let us note that the Qur'an sanctifies the example of the Prophet (pbuh) as essential to Islam and hence blesses and safeguards the Prophet, the sahaba (r.a.) and the authentic role model enshrined in the Hadith:

THE ZIKR OF MUHAMMAD (pbuh) At a time of great stress and difficulty, the Qur'an prophesied for Muhammad (pbuh) that his Zikr or remembrance would be raised high in exaltation:

"And We raised high your ZIKR." [94:4]

Thus we find the name of Muhammad (pbuh) honored and exalted next to Allah's in Adhan, iqama, khutba, kalima-e-tayyaba, attahiyat, etc. Of special significance is the ZIKR of Muhammad (pbuh) in the Adhan, the call to prayer, which takes place FIVE TIMES A DAY around the world, from Nigeria to Morocco to Sudan, from Arabia to Pakistan to Indonesia to the Philippines. This call in which the ZIKR of Muhammad (pbuh) is exalted is referred to in the Qur'an but neither the command to give the Adhan nor the words of the Adhan are given in the Qur'an.
IF THE ADHAN WERE NOT ENSHRINED IN THE HADITH, the entire fabric of the Islamic world, which is knit into UNITY by the adhan would not have existed. The ZIKR of Muhammad (pbuh) is a telling proof that Allah safeguards the Prophet's ZIKR (pbuh) as much as Allah safeguards the Qur'an.


The Qur'an gives Muslims the example of Muhammad (pbuh) as the pattern of excellence.

"Surely in the messenger of Allah, ye have the pattern of excellence for one whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day, and who does much ZIKR of Allah." [33:21]

Allah reassures the Prophet (pbuh) and the believers who follow his example:

"And thou are endowed with an exalted standard of character (and morality)." [68:4]

All Muslims believe that the Qur'an's teachings are for ALL time to come. Like yesterday and today, tomorrow too Muslims, following the Qur'an, will NEED to know that pattern of excellence of the messenger of Allah (pbuh). Same is true of the Prophet's (pbuh), personal character and morality. Other than in hints and references, it is NOT given in the Qur'an. If that pattern and that character were not SAFEGUARDED by ALLAH, Muslims would not be able to follow these important teachings of the Qur'an.
In the HADITH, Allah has safeguarded both the pattern of excellence and the standard of character. How Muhammad (peace be on him) lived and died, how he prayed and fasted, how he fought and made peace, how he treated women and children, how he dealt with slavery and oppression, how he distributed wealth and transformed society, the SHARIA, the Law and its application .... all that is SAFEGUARDED by Allah in the Hadith. All that is part of Zikr of Muhammad (pbuh) and part of the LARGER ZIKR which encompasses the Muslim's entire life.
The Qur'an and the Hadith are intertwined and impossible to be cut off from each other.

The SAHABA (companions) of the Prophet are the people who transmitted BOTH the Qur'an and the Hadith. The way of the Sahaba [with whom Allah is well pleased] is SAFEGUARDED by Allah, otherwise how could they have successfully transmitted the Qur'an and the Hadith to future generations.
Thus when the Jews attack Hadith and the Pervezis try to say that the Qur'an is safeguarded by Allah and the authentic Hadith of the Prophet (pbuh) is not safeguarded by Allah, they are flying in the face of the Qur'an and are actually saying NO to the ENTIRE ISLAMIC WAY of Life. They are denying Zikr of Allah and the Zikr of Muhammad (pbuh). They must be confronted and defeated on the battlefield of ideas.

[To be continued in Part II]

2003-05-05 Mon 19:30ct