Quran and the Hadith Intertwined
Studies in Modern Hadith Literature
By Kaukab Siddique, Ph.D.
G.A. Pervez's ATTACK ON HADITH: OUR REBUTTAL. PART I
Part of the Euro-American war against
is the systematic assault
credibility and authenticity of the Hadith. Anti-Islam scholars see
a promising target because they believe that a certain segment of
vulnerable to an attack on Hadith. One of the developments of
was the emergence of westernized elites in each Muslim country who were
versed in western poetry, drama, fiction, admired the scientific
in the West and despised the religious populists among their own people
they labeled broadly as mullahs.
There was some justification in the reaction to the mullahs. A
type of religious preacher/teacher had become commonplace who was not
well-grounded in Islamic studies and often used weak or out-of-context
narrations to arrive at broad generalizations. These preachers were
sectarian in their approach to religion and created a picture of hadith
related Islam which repulsed even those westernized elites who wanted
return to their Islamic roots.
Owing to the proliferation of these shallow preachers, the elites did
(or could not see) that authentic Islamic scholars were also coming
lead the nation, among them people like Abul Ala Maudoodi, Syed Qutb,
Shaikh Omar Abdel Rahman.
PLOY NUMBER ONE:
Attack on the Hadith is carried out under the slogan of Quran only.
attack can resonate among Muslims who though westernized have
loyalty to Islam. It is often not seen as an attack on Islam at all but
rather as an attempt to purify Islam.
The beginning point is usually to claim that
foremost among compilers of hadith selected only a couple thousand
from among the 600,000 or so which he found.
Here is a typical comment on Hadith from G. A. Pervez . With reference
collectors of Hadith , he says:
They found hundreds of thousands of Hadith but there were very few
which they (the collectors) declared sahih (correct or authentic) and
recorded them in their compilations. By the way, notice how many
these persons found and how many hadith they selected for inclusion in
1. Imam Bukhari. Out of 600,000, leaving out repeats, he
2. Imam Muslim. Out of 300,000, only 4348.. and so on he
with the remaining six books of Hadith.
He concludes thus:
the acceptance and rejection of hadith depends on the compilers
who can say that out of this dump of hundreds of thousands which these
persons rejected, how many authentic hadith might have also been
for the many hadith among those which these persons chose, which can in
way be considered the words and actions of the Prophet (pbuh), will be
clarified further on in this book. (Matalib al-Quran volume 4 by G. A.
Pervez, pages 352 and 353).
This quote is important because it has become the staple of
anti-Hadith polemic during the more recent war against Islam. Notice
attempt to speculate and cause doubt who can say.
The date of publication is important: 1981.
The publisher is the Perwezi sects organization
This could have been just an individuals misunderstanding of
However, the publishers present Pervez as Mufak-kir-e-Quran [The
Thinker]. Important here is Pervezs dishonesty. He did not admit an
important fact that these objections against Hadith have been brought
THE FAMOUS CHRISTIAN MISSIONARY WRITERS. In a translation of The Life
Message of Muhammad (pbuh) by Allama Saiyid Sulaimam Nadwi by Mohiuddin
(published in 1977, four years before Perwezs book), we are given
information on the Christian missionary charge against Hadith relating
SPECIFIC ISSUE of the few hadith selected out of 600,000 etc by Bukhari
The following FAMOUS Christian writers contended on the basis of
Bukharis selection from 600,000 and Ibn Hanbals; out of 7,500,000 that
was all a mass of forgeries and dubious reports. These charges occur in
variety of forms in:
1. Muir, LIFE OF MAHOMET, London, 1894, vol.1, page xxxvii
2. H.A. R. Gibbs, MOHAMMDANISM, London, 1964, page. 79.
3. R. A. Nicholson, A LITERARY HISTORY OF THE ARABS, Cambridge, page
4. A. Guillaume, ISLAM, p. 91
Pervez is not a scholar of Hadith (as we shall show in a continuation
series) and he cleverly concealed the probable source of his attack on
Christian missionary polemicists.
Pervez was not a scholar of Hadith. He did not know even its basics.
made a virtue of his ignorance. In simplified form, here are a few
which will help readers understand why there were so many hadith and
only selected a couple thousand:
1. If a hadith is narrated by a hundred students of the companions of
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), it is counted in hadith narration as ONE
HADITH. Thus the text is only ONE, but the chains of narration come
narrators. Take the first hadith in Bukharis Sahih: IT IS NARRATED by
many chains of narration. The Prophet said (pbuh):
ACTIONS SHALL BE JUDGED BY INTENTIONS. If 70 students of the Prophets
companions heard this hadith from hazrat Umar (r.a.), one of his
companions, that would start 70 chains of narration. The students
would have his own student and school of learning, etc.
IMAM BUKHARI would look at the 70 chains of narration (or 70 hadith)
SELECT THE ONE HE CONSIDERED the MOST RELIABLE OR COMPLETE.
The process goes on with all the hadith he selected.
He is not leaving out any fabrications. [He would not even consider
fabrications.] He is leaving out chains of narrations which are not the
[For numerous specific examples, see Azmis STUDIES IN EARLY HADITH
LITERATURE, 1968 and Mustafa Sibais AL-SUNNAH Wa MAKANATUHA FI AL
The full title of Bukharis compilation contains the word
which indicates clearly that he was trying trying to collect ALL the
Hadith but a selection of authentic hadith.
[For our Urdu readers, if a person selects some of Iqbals poetry, and
compiles a selection of what he considers the best, that does not mean
the poetry he does not select is FABRICATED and does not belong to
This is only one of the proofs that Pervez was a charlatan and a liar
deliberately publishing false stories against Hadith to spread distrust
suspicion against the second sacred source of Islam, the Hadith of the
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
People like Perevez, the ENEMY WITHIN, are the northern alliance of
helping the Jews to mislead Muslim elites about the authenticity of
Today attacks on hadith have become a worldwide industry, nourished by
Jews and their brainwashed Muslim followers.
(To be continued)
2002-07-15 Mon 20:12ct